Monaco, with its main city Monte-Carlo is world famous for its casinos and glamourous people. Monaco is a Constitutional Monarchy and Principality with Prince Albert II as head of state. The Grimaldi family has ruled over Monaco since 1297 and the state's sovereignty was officially recognized by the Franco-Monegasque Treaty of 1861.
Despite being independent, Monaco’s defense is still the responsibility of France. Monaco is the world’s most densely populated country & the world's smallest French-speaking one.