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Coat of Arms

Brief Data
  • Name:
  • Area:
  • Capital:
  • Currency:
  • Population:
  • National Day:
  • Bosna
  • 51,209 km2
  • Sarajevo
  • Marka BAM
  • 4,590,310
  • 25 November

Detailed Map


Other Facts:
  • Coordinates:
  • Lowest Pt.:
  • Highest Pt.:
  • Median Age:
  • Ethnicity:
  • and
  • 44 00 N, 18 00 E
  • Adriatic Sea 0m
  • Maglic 2,386m
  • 39.4 years
  • Bosniak 48%
  • Serb 37.1%

The country is home to three ethnic "constituent peoples": Bosniaks, the most numerous population group of Bosnia, with Serbs in second and Croats in third. Regardless of ethnicity, a citizen of Bosnia and Herzegovina is often identified in English as a Bosnian. In Bosnia, the distinction between a Bosnian and a Herzegovinian is maintained as a regional, rather than an ethnic distinction. The country is politically decentralized and comprises two governing entities, the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska, with District Brcko as a de facto third entity.

Banja Luka

It is the largest and most developed city in the Republika Srpska entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and has traditionally been the center of the Bosanska Krajina region located in the northwestern part of the country. It is home to the University of Banja Luka, as well as numerous state and entity institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska entity, respectively. The city lies on the Vrbas river and is well-known in Bosnia and the countries of the Former Yugoslavia for being full of tree-lined avenues, boulevards, gardens, and parks.

Bosanska Gradiška

Gradiška is situated in the northern part of the Republika Srpska entity and is one of the eastern most municipalities of the Bosanska Krajina region. The town is situated on the Lijevce plain, at the right bank of the Sava river across Stara Gradiška, Croatia, and about 45 km (28 mi) north of Banja Luka. According to the written documents, Gradiška was first mentioned a little more than 700 years ago under the name of Gradiški Brod.